For those who are not familiar with it, here are a few facts.
An approximate chemical formula for beeswax is C15H31COOC30H61. Its main components are palmitate, palmitoleate, and oleate esters of long-chain (30–32 carbons) aliphaticalcohols, with the ratio of triacontanyl palmitate CH3(CH2)29O-CO-(CH2)14CH3 to cerotic acid CH3(CH2)24COOH, the two principal components, being 6:1. Beeswax can be classified generally into European and Oriental types. The saponification value is lower (3–5) for European beeswax, and higher (8–9) for Oriental types.
Beeswax has a relatively low melting point range of 62 °C to 64 °C (144 °F to 147 °F). If beeswax is heated above 85 °C (185 °F) discoloration occurs. The flash point of beeswax is 204.4 °C (400 °F). Density at 15 °C is 958 kg/m³ to 970 kg/m³.
When natural beeswax is cold it is brittle, at room temperature it is tenacious, its fracture is dry and granular, it also softens at human body temperature. The specific gravity at 15 °C (59 °F) is from 0.958 to 0.975, that of melted wax at 98 to 99 °C (208.4 to 210.2 °F) compared with water at 15.5 °C (59.9 °F) is 0.822.
(Kristine Smith October 3rd 2017 Presentation)
Things to make with beeswax
With one pound of beeswax you can make:
Coconut Oil/Beeswax Candleshttps://www.bybrittanygoldwyn.com/2015/01/how-to-make-beeswax-and-coconut-oil-candles/
Beeswax tealights in seashells https://gardentherapy.ca/seashell-beeswax-tealights/
Fall leaves and wildflowers dipped in beeswax https://empressofdirt.net/falling-leaves-nature-craft/
Homemade lip balm http://gardenmatter.com/handmade-gifts-homemade-lip-balm/
Healing foot balm https://gardentherapy.ca/healing-foot-balm/
Find More projects at Beeswax Crafts on google
Women's Stockings/Pantyhose are great inexpensive filter http://montanahomesteader.com/render-beeswax-honeycomb/
Safety Precautions Link Safely Working with LYE
Soap Making Links
Painting with wax
Encaustic painting, also known as hot wax painting, involves using heated beeswax to which colored pigments are added. The liquid or paste is then applied to a surface—usually prepared wood, though canvas and other materials are often used. The simplest encaustic mixture can be made from adding pigments to beeswax, but there are several other recipes that can be used—some containing other types of waxes, damar resin, linseed oil, or other ingredients. Pure, powdered pigments can be used, though some mixtures use oil paints or other forms of pigment.
Metal tools and special brushes can be used to shape the paint before it cools, or heated metal tools can be used to manipulate the wax once it has cooled onto the surface. Today, tools such as heat lamps, heat guns, and other methods of applying heat allow artists to extend the amount of time they have to work with the material. Because wax is used as the pigment binder, encaustics can be sculpted as well as painted. Other materials can be encased or collaged into the surface, or layered, using the encaustic medium to stick them to the surface.
You can also cut out petal shapes from wax sheets and arrange into the shape you want and squeeze together with warmth of you hand or blow dryer
Instructions for creating roses out of wax.
So, has anyone ever tried wax art. We got a chance to try it at out last candle making class. We made a rose out of beeswax. You will need:
To Heat Wax at about 180-190 degrees
1. Dip your spoon into the soapy water. This will keep the wax from sticking to the spoon.
2. Dip your spoon into the hot wax (holding it straight up and down). Let it cool a few seconds and re-dip. I dip a total of three times.
3. After the wax has cooled I use my thumb to push the wax off the inside surface of the spoon. Set this piece aside. I do not use the piece off the back side of the spoon. I didn’t care for the shape. Repeat this process until you have about 25 good pieces.
4. Very carefully trim each piece with scissors. You are just trying to round the edge and give it a petal shape.
5. Cut a straight piece of heavy wire and bend a loop in the top of it.
6. Take a small piece of cotton and stuff in side the loop. You are going to need to cut a small circle out of a sheet of wax to from the flowers bud. Don’t worry if you don’t have any sheet wax their is a simple way to make your own. If your melting pot is big enough you can dip a wet piece of wood into the wax two or three times. As the wax cools it should release from the woods surface and their you have a sheet of wax. If you pot is much smaller try a playing card that has been dipped in the soapy water solution.
7. Once you have your circle poke the stem through the center and push it up to where it is just underneath the cotton ball.
8. Fold the circle in half so it looks like a taco shell. You want to fold each end a different direction. So fold the left end to the right and the right end to the left. It should faintly resemble the inside of a flower.
– The remaining process is just a matter of attaching the petals one by one in an overlapping pattern until you are satisfied with the effect. If you find the petals hard to work with try softening them with a hair dryer to make them more pliable. Good Luck and have fun!
Editorial Note: While this technique does not produce a candle per-se, it provides a great means to embellish your candles. For instance, the hand-crafted roses could be used to decorate a pillar or the base of a taper and give it a truly unique appearance.
Propolis Infused Oil
Of all methods of infusion, research indicates that an oil extract of propolis may have the strongest anti-microbial effect. Applied topically, propolis oil is soothing and healing on cuts and abrasions. Propolis infused oil can be used as an ingredient in lotions or salves, and can work wonders on areas of skin irritation or severe dryness such as psoriasis or eczema.
Mix the propolis and oil together in the top of a double boiler. Use a thermometer to monitor the temperature and heat the oil to no higher than 122°F (as higher temperatures may destroy some of the beneficial qualities contained in the propolis). Stir and heat for at least 30 minutes, and up to four hours. The propolis will not all dissolve.
Strain this mixture through cheesecloth or a paper coffee filter. If you use cheesecloth, you may have to filter the oil twice. The propolis that remains in the filter can be used again to make more oil – refrigerate or freeze it for another time. Store your finished oil in a sealed jar in a dark place.
Mix two parts propolis by weight to nine parts of clear grain alcohol, by weight (we use 75 proof or higher vodka, or Everclear) (Do not use ethanol alcohol – it is poisonous!).
Mix together in a lidded container, such as a canning jar. Shake. Store in a dark place. Shake two to three times a day for one to two weeks. Strain through a cheesecloth or paper coffee filter, and store in a dark place or in a dark jar. You can collect and store the propolis left in in the filter, as it may be reused for another tincture or oil (store in the fridge or freezer).
Keep in an amber dropper bottle, and store in your medicine or kitchen cabinet.