Tidewater Beekeepers Association

Bee Products & Crafts

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Quick & Interesting Beeswax Facts

For those who are not familiar with it, here are a few facts.

  • Beeswax is a beautiful, honey-scented natural material.
  • Beeswax is produced by bees (secreted from abdominal glands) to build combs. Comb is built for bees to store (pollen, nectar, and honey), lay their eggs, and raise the young bees.
  • Beeswax taken straight from the hive contains all sorts of dirt and debris. This is normal and is filtered out during the rendering process by beeswax producers.
  • Beeswax never goes bad and can be heated and reheated repeatedly.
  • In storage, beeswax may develop a powdery-white coating called bloom. It is harmless and not mildew and can be easily removed.
  • Beeswax works nicely for candles because it is flammable. I found contradictory information online but the melting point seems to be around 64°C (147°F) and the Flash_point is approximately 204°C (400°F). For home use this means you need to monitor the temperature when melting beeswax to ensure you stay within safe temperature ranges.
  • An approximate chemical formula for beeswax is C15H31COOC30H61.[7] Its main components are palmitatepalmitoleate, and oleate esters of long-chain (30–32 carbons) aliphaticalcohols, with the ratio of triacontanyl palmitate CH3(CH2)29O-CO-(CH2)14CH3 to cerotic acid[8] CH3(CH2)24COOH, the two principal components, being 6:1. Beeswax can be classified generally into European and Oriental types. The saponification value is lower (3–5) for European beeswax, and higher (8–9) for Oriental types.

    Beeswax has a relatively low melting point range of 62 °C to 64 °C (144 °F to 147 °F). If beeswax is heated above 85 °C (185 °F) discoloration occurs. The flash point of beeswax is 204.4 °C (400 °F).[9] Density at 15 °C is 958 kg/m³ to 970 kg/m³.

    When natural beeswax is cold it is brittle, at room temperature it is tenacious, its fracture is dry and granular, it also softens at human body temperature. The specific gravity at 15 °C (59 °F) is from 0.958 to 0.975, that of melted wax at 98 to 99 °C (208.4 to 210.2 °F) compared with water at 15.5 °C (59.9 °F) is 0.822.[10]

Power Point Presentation on Beeswax

Link Beeswax Products PPT FINAL.pptx 

(Kristine Smith October 3rd 2017 Presentation)

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Things to make with beeswax

With one pound of beeswax you can make:

  • 37 tealight candles
  • 3 pairs of taper candles for your dining room table
  • 16 beeswax Christmas ornaments
  • 20 different moisturizer or body butter recipes
  • 20 different herbal remedy salves, balms, or ointments
  • 4 solid blocks of fabric waterproofing
  • Deodorant, perfume, hand moisturizer, lipstick, shampoo, and soap for you for a year
  • 3 pounds of hard lotion bars for gifts
  • An encaustic painting
  • 6 blocks of solid beeswax for the workshop, to lubricate drawers, screws, or preserve tools
  • A dozen tubs of wood polish to polish wooden floors, furniture, and cupboard doors
  • 20 tins of food safe cutting board conditioner
  • 16 tins of hair pomade or beard wax for your grooming needs
  • 16 tins of Musher Paw Wax to protect your dog’s paws
  • 280 tubes of lip balm
  • 4 pounds of grafting wax for fruit trees, you could create a whole orchard with that!
  • 2 emergency solid fuel stove/heaters
  • 20 festive pinecone fire starters, for gifts
  • 16 tins of leather dressing, shoe polish, or boot conditioner
  • 27 tubes of archer’s wax
  • 18 tins of bore butter, black powder lubricant, or bullet lube
  • 55 tubes of rock climber’s hand balm, for the local climbing gym
  • 12 bars of customized organic snowboard/ski wax or surf board wax, that won’t leave any Polytetrafluoroethylene to pollute the environment for hundreds of years
  • 16 beeswax and cotton food wraps to replace the plastic wrap and Zipper bags in your kitchen
  • 72 sticks of sealing wax, for wedding invitations, thank you cards, or to trade at the re-enactment faire
  • 15 one ounce naturally colored nontoxic crayons, safe enough for your little’s
  • 37 one ounce nontoxic oil pastels
  • 18 nontoxic blocks of beeswax modeling clay for your Waldorf schooling friends
  • 3 pounds of nontoxic plasticine-type modeling clay
  • 100s of pysanky eggs and you can reuse the wax
  • 40 tins of organic cork grease for your clarinet, saxophone, or oboe with enough to share
  • 12 bars of solid beeswax for treating hand sewing thread so it doesn’t tangle

Easy Wax Rendering

Women's Stockings/Pantyhose are great inexpensive filter http://montanahomesteader.com/render-beeswax-honeycomb/

Dipped candles

Hand rolled candles

Lip Balm

Beeswax food wraps

Painting with wax

Encaustic painting, also known as hot wax painting, involves using heated beeswax to which colored pigments are added. The liquid or paste is then applied to a surface—usually prepared wood, though canvas and other materials are often used. The simplest encaustic mixture can be made from adding pigments to beeswax, but there are several other recipes that can be used—some containing other types of waxesdamar resinlinseed oil, or other ingredients. Pure, powdered pigments can be used, though some mixtures use oil paints or other forms of pigment.[1]

Metal tools and special brushes can be used to shape the paint before it cools, or heated metal tools can be used to manipulate the wax once it has cooled onto the surface. Today, tools such as heat lamps, heat guns, and other methods of applying heat allow artists to extend the amount of time they have to work with the material. Because wax is used as the pigment binder, encaustics can be sculpted as well as painted. Other materials can be encased or collaged into the surface, or layered, using the encaustic medium to stick them to the surface.

Learn About Pigments Here Youtube: Making Encaustic   and Here Paintshttp://www.paintmaking.com/pigments.htm

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Beeswax flowers


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You can also cut out petal shapes from wax sheets and arrange into the shape you want and squeeze together with warmth of you hand or blow dryer

Instructions for creating roses out of wax.

So, has anyone ever tried wax art. We got a chance to try it at out last candle making class. We made a rose out of beeswaxYou will need:

 To Heat Wax at about 180-190 degrees

  • a tablespoon
  • some heavy gauge wire
  • cotton ball
  • a can with some dish washing liquid and water mixed.

1. Dip your spoon into the soapy water. This will keep the wax from sticking to the spoon.

2. Dip your spoon into the hot wax (holding it straight up and down). Let it cool a few seconds and re-dip. I dip a total of three times.

3. After the wax has cooled I use my thumb to push the wax off the inside surface of the spoon. Set this piece aside. I do not use the piece off the back side of the spoon. I didn’t care for the shape. Repeat this process until you have about 25 good pieces.

4. Very carefully trim each piece with scissors. You are just trying to round the edge and give it a petal shape.

5. Cut a straight piece of heavy wire and bend a loop in the top of it.

6. Take a small piece of cotton and stuff in side the loop. You are going to need to cut a small circle out of a sheet of wax to from the flowers bud. Don’t worry if you don’t have any sheet wax their is a simple way to make your own. If your melting pot is big enough you can dip a wet piece of wood into the wax two or three times. As the wax cools it should release from the woods surface and their you have a sheet of wax. If you pot is much smaller try a playing card that has been dipped in the soapy water solution.

7. Once you have your circle poke the stem through the center and push it up to where it is just underneath the cotton ball.

8. Fold the circle in half so it looks like a taco shell. You want to fold each end a different direction. So fold the left end to the right and the right end to the left. It should faintly resemble the inside of a flower.

– The remaining process is just a matter of attaching the petals one by one in an overlapping pattern until you are satisfied with the effect. If you find the petals hard to work with try softening them with a hair dryer to make them more pliable. Good Luck and have fun!

Editorial Note: While this technique does not produce a candle per-se, it provides a great means to embellish your candles. For instance, the hand-crafted roses could be used to decorate a pillar or the base of a taper and give it a truly unique appearance.
Wax Art – Rose
Contributed by: Mike & Brenda Blanton, Fancy Farm, Kentucky.


Propolis Products

Propolis Infused Oil

Of all methods of infusion, research indicates that an oil extract of propolis may have the strongest anti-microbial effect. Applied topically, propolis oil is soothing and healing on cuts and abrasions. Propolis infused oil can be used as an ingredient in lotions or salves, and can work wonders on areas of skin irritation or severe dryness such as psoriasis or eczema.


  • ~10 grams propolis scrapings (about 1 TBS)
  • 7 oz olive oil (other oils can be used, such as apricot kernal oil, sweet almond oil, etc.)


Mix the propolis and oil together in the top of a double boiler. Use a thermometer to monitor the temperature and heat the oil to no higher than 122°F (as higher temperatures may destroy some of the beneficial qualities contained in the propolis). Stir and heat for at least 30 minutes, and up to four hours. The propolis will not all dissolve.

Strain this mixture through cheesecloth or a paper coffee filter. If you use cheesecloth, you may have to filter the oil twice. The propolis that remains in the filter can be used again to make more oil – refrigerate or freeze it for another time. Store your finished oil in a sealed jar in a dark place.
Keep in an amber dropper bottle, and store in your medicine or kitchen cabinet.

Propolis Tincture

Mix two parts propolis by weight to nine parts of clear grain alcohol, by weight (we use 75 proof or higher vodka, or Everclear) (Do not use ethanol alcohol – it is poisonous!).

Mix together in a lidded container, such as a canning jar.  Shake.  Store in a dark place. Shake two to three times a day for one to two weeks. Strain through a cheesecloth or paper coffee filter, and store in a dark place or in a dark jar. You can collect and store the propolis left in in the filter, as it may be reused for another tincture or oil (store in the fridge or freezer).

Keep in an amber dropper bottle, and store in your medicine or kitchen cabinet.

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